Best Green Energy Stocks in India for 2024

April 30, 2024 Trading 5 min read

Green energy stocks represent companies involved in renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal power. These stocks have gained traction due to increasing global awareness of climate change and the shift towards sustainable energy solutions. Investors are drawn to green energy stocks for their potential for growth and alignment with environmental values.

Investing in green energy stocks offers exposure to a rapidly expanding industry driven by government incentives, technological advancements, and changing consumer preferences. Companies in this sector may include renewable energy developers, equipment manufacturers, and service providers.

Let us learn more about green energy stocks, the benefits and risks of investing in green stocks, and the key players in the green energy industry.

Why Is Green Energy Important?

Energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower are renewable, meaning they will not run out like finite fossil fuels. Thus, green energy ensures a more sustainable energy future for generations to come. Less use of fossil fuels could potentially mean lower greenhouse gas emissions which would help mitigate climate change and reduce air pollution. This can lead to improved public health outcomes and a cleaner environment for future generations.

Renewable energy sources benefit from free and abundant natural resources, which can lead to more stable and predictable energy prices over time. Thus, transitioning to green energy can lead to long-term cost savings for consumers and businesses through lower energy bills and reduced reliance on volatile fossil fuel markets.

The switch to green energy is meant to represent a sustainable and responsible choice that aligns with global efforts to address climate change, promote economic development, and hopefully safeguard the planet for future generations.

What Are Green Energy Stocks?

Due to the general public’s growing concerns about climate change and the desire to transition away from fossil fuels, companies focusing on renewable energy sources have gained the interest of investors. The stocks of these companies are more generally known as green energy stocks due to their focus on green energy and renewable sources.

Investing in these stocks allows individuals to participate in the growth of the renewable energy sector while potentially benefiting from the increasing demand for clean energy solutions.

There are various types of green energy stocks, a few of which include:

  • Renewable Energy Producers: These companies generate electricity from renewable sources such as solar farms, wind farms, and hydroelectric dams. They sell this electricity to utilities or directly to consumers.
  • Green Technology Manufacturers: These companies design, manufacture, and distribute technologies and equipment used in renewable energy production, such as solar panels, wind turbines, and energy storage systems.
  • Renewable Energy Developers: These companies focus on developing renewable energy projects, including planning, permitting, financing, and constructing solar, wind, or other renewable energy facilities.
  • Clean Energy Service Providers: These companies offer services related to energy efficiency, energy management, and renewable energy installations for residential, commercial, or industrial customers.

Benefits of Investing in Green Energy Stocks

Booming Industry

With ambitious renewable energy targets, India is aiming for 450 GW of installed capacity by 2030. It is driving significant growth in the green energy sector which creates investment opportunities as the demand for renewable energy continues to rise.

Government Support 

Initiatives like the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) and Solar Park schemes aim to attract investments and reduce the cost of renewable energy generation. This supportive environment encourages investment in green energy companies.

Portfolio Diversification

Renewable energy sources are less reliant on traditional fossil fuel markets, which can help mitigate portfolio risk associated with price fluctuations in those commodities. Diversifying into green energy stocks can provide stability in a diversified investment portfolio.

Long-term Growth Potential

With increasing global concerns about climate change, the demand for clean energy is expected to grow steadily. This trend positions green energy companies for long-term growth, potentially offering investors attractive returns over time.

Positive Environmental Impact

Investing in green energy stocks supports the transition to renewable energy sources, which generate minimal emissions compared to fossil fuels. This helps combat climate change and air pollution, contributing to a cleaner and healthier environment.

Risks of Investing in Green Energy Stocks

Renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, faces several challenges that investors should consider:

Fluctuation in Production

Solar and wind energy production can fluctuate, posing challenges for integrating them into the grid and meeting peak demand. This intermittency may require companies to invest in costly energy storage solutions to maintain a reliable energy supply.

High Upfront Costs

Establishing renewable energy infrastructure, such as solar farms or wind turbines, requires significant initial investment. These upfront costs can impact short-term profitability, as companies may need time to recoup their investments.

Raw Material Dependence

Manufacturing renewable energy technologies, including solar panels, wind turbines, and storage batteries, relies on specific raw materials. Price volatility or supply chain disruptions of these materials can increase production costs for renewable energy companies.

Geographic Limitations

The efficiency of renewable energy sources varies depending on geographic location. For example, solar power may be less efficient in areas with limited sunlight. Investors should consider these geographic limitations, along with factors like India’s evening energy demand spike, when evaluating potential investments in renewable energy.

Despite these challenges, investing in renewable energy can still offer long-term benefits, including potential returns and contributing to environmental sustainability. However, it’s essential for investors to carefully assess and mitigate these risks as part of their investment strategy.

Things to Consider Before Investing in Green Stocks

Market Trends 

Investors are advised to examine the growth forecasts and advancements in specific renewable sectors to gauge potential investment opportunities before making any decision. 

Government Policies 

It is important to assess the extent of governmental support for renewable energy, including subsidies and infrastructure initiatives. Governmental policies play a crucial role in shaping the regulatory landscape and can have a significant impact on the performance of companies operating in the renewable energy sector.

The Financial Health of Companies

Before investing, evaluating the financial stability of potential investments by analysing key factors such as revenue growth, profitability, and debt levels can provide valuable insights into the overall health and sustainability of the company. 

Innovation in Technology 

It would be smarter to seek out companies actively investing in innovative technologies to improve efficiency and competitiveness within the renewable energy market. By identifying firms at the forefront of technological advancements, investors increase their potential for long-term profit within the industry.

Diversification Strategy

By diversifying across different sectors such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, investors can mitigate exposure to specific market fluctuations and capitalise on diverse opportunities within the renewable energy landscape.

ESG Performance

Investors are also advised to take into account the environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance of companies to ensure long-term sustainability and responsible investment practices. Evaluating factors such as carbon footprint, community engagement, and ethical business practices can help investors align their investments with their values and promote positive impact in addition to financial returns.

Top Green Energy Stocks in India 

Stock Name Market Cap ( in crores) Closed Price (in )
Zodiac Energy Ltd ₹405.71 ₹255.80
KP ENERGY Ltd ₹2,245.45 ₹1113.55
Borosil Renewables Ltd ₹4,031 ₹346.25
Websol Energy System Ltd ₹1,560.58 ₹427.95
NTPC Ltd ₹3,07,869.15 ₹336.10
Adani Green Energy Ltd ₹2,64,446.30 ₹1,674.25

Disclaimer: Please note that the market capital and closed price values are subject to change and may vary based on market conditions.


With India’s ambitious renewable energy targets and government support through policies and initiatives, the sector is poised for significant growth. However, investors should carefully consider factors such as market trends, government policies, company financials, technological innovation, diversification strategies, and ESG performance before making investment decisions. 

Disclaimer: This article is for information purposes only and should not be considered as stock recommendation or advice to buy or sell shares of any company. Investing in the stock market can be risky. It is therefore advisable to research well or consult an investment advisor before investing in shares, derivatives or any other such financial instruments traded on the exchanges.


Why should we invest more in green energy?

Investing in green energy supports sustainable development, reduces carbon emissions, and mitigates climate change impacts. It also fosters innovation, job creation, and energy independence while diversifying the energy portfolio for long-term stability.

Is green energy reliable?

Green energy reliability varies depending on factors such as weather conditions and technological advancements. While intermittent energy sources like solar and wind may have fluctuations, advancements in storage and grid management are improving reliability.

Are green energy stocks risky investments?

Like any investment, green energy stocks carry risks, including regulatory changes, technological developments, and market competition. A thorough research and assessing your risk tolerance is essential before investing.

How do I invest in green energy stocks?

Investors can invest in green energy stocks through brokerage accounts or online trading platforms, purchasing shares of companies involved in renewable energy production and technology.

How do I evaluate green energy stocks?

Investors can evaluate green energy stocks by analysing factors such as company financials, growth prospects, technological innovation, government policies, and environmental performance.



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